Bibliografia Pillola Anticoncenzionale



World Health Organization, Emergency contraception

Medscape: Antibiotics Interact With Combination Oral Contraceptives? Ben M. Lomaestro, BS, PharmD August 27 2009

World Health Organization : Medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use Fifth edition 2015

Mescape: New Developments in Hormonal Therapy for Acne J. K. L. Tan, MD, FRCPC

UpToDate: Contraceptive counseling and selection Author: Andrew M Kaunitz, MD Section Editor: Robert L Barbieri, MD Deputy Editor: Kristen Eckler, MD, FACOG

UpToDate: Hormonal contraception for suppression of menstruation Author: Andrew M Kaunitz, MD Section Editor: Robert L Barbieri, MD Deputy Editor: Kristen Eckler, MD, FACOG

UpToDate: Risks and side effects associated with estrogen-progestin contraceptives Authors: Kathryn A Martin, MD, Pamela S Douglas, MD Section Editors: Robert L Barbieri, MD, William F Crowley, Jr, MD Deputy Editor: Kathryn A Martin, MD

Petitti DB. Clinical practice. Combination estrogen-progestin oral contraceptives. N Engl J Med 2003; 349:1443.

Crosignani PG, Testa G, Vegetti W, Parazzini F. Ovarian activity during regular oral contraceptive use. Contraception 1996; 54:271.

Baerwald AR, Olatunbosun OA, Pierson RA. Ovarian follicular development is initiated during the hormone-free interval of oral contraceptive use. Contraception 2004; 70:371.

Schwartz JL, Creinin MD, Pymar HC, Reid L. Predicting risk of ovulation in new start oral contraceptive users. Obstet Gynecol 2002; 99:177.

Carr BR, Parker CR Jr, Madden JD, et al. Plasma levels of adrenocorticotropin and cortisol in women receiving oral contraceptive steroid treatment. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1979; 49:346.

Sober SP, Schreiber CA. Controversies in family planning: are all oral contraceptive formulations created equal? Contraception 2011; 83:394.

Rosenberg MJ, Waugh MS. Oral contraceptive discontinuation: a prospective evaluation of frequency and reasons. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1998; 179:577.

Generic OCs bioequivalent, but much maligned. Contracept Technol Update 1989; 10:77.

US Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use, 2013. (Accessed on March 04, 2016).

Mansour D, Fraser IS. Missed contraceptive pills and the critical pill-free interval. Lancet 2005; 365:1670.

Mansour D. Revision of the ‘missed pill’ rules. J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 2011; 37:128.

Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) UK Public Assessment Report. Combined oral contraceptives (the Pill): When to start taking the Pill, and missed pill advice. May 2011. (Accessed on August 08, 2016).

Holt VL, Scholes D, Wicklund KG, et al. Body mass index, weight, and oral contraceptive failure risk. Obstet Gynecol 2005; 105:46.

Brunner Huber LR, Hogue CJ, Stein AD, et al. Body mass index and risk for oral contraceptive failure: a case-cohort study in South Carolina. Ann Epidemiol 2006; 16:637.

Brunner Huber LR, Toth JL. Obesity and oral contraceptive failure: findings from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth. Am J Epidemiol 2007; 166:1306.

Lopez LM, Grimes DA, Chen-Mok M, et al. Hormonal contraceptives for contraception in overweight or obese women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010; :CD008452.

Burkman RT, Fisher AC, Wan GJ, et al. Association between efficacy and body weight or body mass index for two low-dose oral contraceptives. Contraception 2009; 79:424.

Westhoff CL, Torgal AH, Mayeda ER, et al. Ovarian suppression in normal-weight and obese women during oral contraceptive use: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol 2010; 116:275.

Stewart FH, Harper CC, Ellertson CE, et al. Clinical breast and pelvic examination requirements for hormonal contraception: Current practice vs evidence. JAMA 2001; 285:2232.

Westhoff C, Heartwell S, Edwards S, et al. Initiation of oral contraceptives using a quick start compared with a conventional start: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol 2007; 109:1270.

ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins-Gynecology. ACOG practice bulletin. No. 73: Use of hormonal contraception in women with coexisting medical conditions. Obstet Gynecol 2006; 107:1453.

Foster DG, Parvataneni R, de Bocanegra HT, et al. Number of oral contraceptive pill packages dispensed, method continuation, and costs. Obstet Gynecol 2006; 108:1107.

Curtis KM, Tepper NK, Jatlaoui TC, et al. U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, 2016. MMWR Recomm Rep 2016; 65:1.

Gerstman BB, Piper JM, Tomita DK, et al. Oral contraceptive estrogen dose and the risk of deep venous thromboembolic disease. Am J Epidemiol 1991; 133:32.

Kaunitz AM. Oral contraceptive estrogen dose considerations. Contraception 1998; 58:15S.

Rosenberg MJ, Meyers A, Roy V. Efficacy, cycle control, and side effects of low- and lower-dose oral contraceptives: a randomized trial of 20 micrograms and 35 micrograms estrogen preparations. Contraception 1999; 60:321.

Gallo MF, Nanda K, Grimes DA, Schulz KF. 20 mcg versus >20 mcg estrogen combined oral contraceptives for contraception. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2005; :CD003989.

Bachmann G, Korner P. Bleeding patterns associated with oral contraceptive use: a review of the literature. Contraception 2007; 76:182.

ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 110: noncontraceptive uses of hormonal contraceptives. Obstet Gynecol 2010; 115:206.

Narod SA, Risch H, Moslehi R, et al. Oral contraceptives and the risk of hereditary ovarian cancer. Hereditary Ovarian Cancer Clinical Study Group. N Engl J Med 1998; 339:424.

Modan B, Hartge P, Hirsh-Yechezkel G, et al. Parity, oral contraceptives, and the risk of ovarian cancer among carriers and noncarriers of a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. N Engl J Med 2001; 345:235.

Grimes DA, Jones LB, Lopez LM, Schulz KF. Oral contraceptives for functional ovarian cysts. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009; :CD006134. Barditch-Crovo P, Trapnell CB, Ette E, et al. The effects of rifampin and rifabutin on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of a combination oral contraceptive. Clin Pharmacol Ther 1999; 65:428.

Crawford P, Chadwick DJ, Martin C, et al. The interaction of phenytoin and carbamazepine with combined oral contraceptive steroids. Br J Clin Pharmacol 1990; 30:892.

Contraceptive Technology Update June 2004; 25:61.

Wilbur K, Ensom MH. Pharmacokinetic drug interactions between oral contraceptives and secondgeneration anticonvulsants. Clin Pharmacokinet 2000; 38:355.

Wegner I, Edelbroek PM, Bulk S, Lindhout D. Lamotrigine kinetics within the menstrual cycle, after menopause, and with oral contraceptives. Neurology 2009; 73:1388.

Christensen J, Petrenaite V, Atterman J, et al. Oral contraceptives induce lamotrigine metabolism: evidence from a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Epilepsia 2007; 48:484.

Sabers A, Ohman I, Christensen J, Tomson T. Oral contraceptives reduce lamotrigine plasma levels. Neurology 2003; 61:570.

Archer JS, Archer DF. Oral contraceptive efficacy and antibiotic interaction: a myth debunked. J Am Acad Dermatol 2002; 46:917.

Weaver K, Glasier A. Interaction between broad-spectrum antibiotics and the combined oral contraceptive pill. A literature review. Contraception 1999; 59:71.

Dickinson BD, Altman RD, Nielsen NH, et al. Drug interactions between oral contraceptives and antibiotics. Obstet Gynecol 2001; 98:853.

From the Food and Drug Administration. JAMA 2000; 283:1679.

Zhanel GG, Siemens S, Slayter K, Mandell L. Antibiotic and oral contraceptive drug interactions: Is there a need for concern? Can J Infect Dis 1999; 10:429.

Verhoeven CH, van den Heuvel MW, Mulders TM, Dieben TO. The contraceptive vaginal ring, NuvaRing, and antimycotic co-medication. Contraception 2004; 69:129.

Fugh-Berman A. Herb-drug interactions. Lancet 2000; 355:134.

Pfrunder A, Schiesser M, Gerber S, et al. Interaction of St John’s wort with low-dose oral contraceptive therapy: a randomized controlled trial. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2003; 56:683.

Hall SD, Wang Z, Huang SM, et al. The interaction between St John’s wort and an oral contraceptive. Clin Pharmacol Ther 2003; 74:525.

Hilbert J, Messig M, Kuye O, Friedman H. Evaluation of interaction between fluconazole and an oral contraceptive in healthy women. Obstet Gynecol 2001; 98:218.

Schubert W, Cullberg G, Edgar B, Hedner T. Inhibition of 17 beta-estradiol metabolism by grapefruit juice in ovariectomized women. Maturitas 1994; 20:155.

Weber A, Jäger R, Börner A, et al. Can grapefruit juice influence ethinylestradiol bioavailability? Contraception 1996; 53:41.

Grindlay K, Burns B, Grossman D. Prescription requirements and over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives: a global review. Contraception 2013; 88:91

The Medical Letter 2007; 49:20.

Rowan JP. “Estrophasic” dosing: A new concept in oral contraceptive therapy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1999; 180:302.

van Vliet HA, Grimes DA, Lopez LM, et al. Triphasic versus monophasic oral contraceptives for contraception. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006; :CD003553.

Jensen JT. Evaluation of a new estradiol oral contraceptive: estradiol valerate and dienogest. Expert Opin Pharmacother 2010; 11:1147.

“The Pink Sheet” 2002; 64:24.

Gallo MF, Nanda K, Grimes DA, et al. 20 µg versus >20 µg estrogen combined oral contraceptives for contraception. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013; :CD003989. 59. (Accessed on February 02, 2011).

Kaunitz AM. Clinical practice. Hormonal contraception in women of older reproductive age. N Engl J Med 2008; 358:1262.

Phillips A, Hahn DW, McGuire JL. Preclinical evaluation of norgestimate, a progestin with minimal androgenic activity. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1992; 167:1191.

Pharmacology of the Contraceptive Steroids, Goldzeiher JW, Fotherby K (Eds), Raven Press, New York 1994.

Speroff L, DeCherney A. Evaluation of a new generation of oral contraceptives. The Advisory Board for the New Progestins. Obstet Gynecol 1993; 81:1034.

Vandenbroucke JP, Rosendaal FR. End of the line for “third-generation-pill” controversy? Lancet 1997; 349:1113.

Vasilakis-Scaramozza C, Jick H. Risk of venous thromboembolism with cyproterone or levonorgestrel contraceptives. Lancet 2001; 358:1427. Sitruk-Ware R. New progestagens for contraceptive use. Hum Reprod Update 2006; 12:169.

Foidart JM, Wuttke W, Bouw GM, et al. A comparative investigation of contraceptive reliability, cycle control and tolerance of two monophasic oral contraceptives containing either drospirenone or desogestrel. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2000; 5:124.

van Vloten WA, van Haselen CW, van Zuuren EJ, et al. The effect of 2 combined oral Contraceptives containing either drospirenone or cyproterone acetate on acne and seborrhea. Cutis 2002; 69:2.

Guido M, Romualdi D, Giuliani M, et al. Drospirenone for the treatment of hirsute women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a clinical, endocrinological, metabolic pilot study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004; 89:2817.

Loughlin J, Seeger JD, Eng PM, et al. Risk of hyperkalemia in women taking ethinylestradiol/drospirenone and other oral contraceptives. Contraception 2008; 78:377.

Schütt B, Kunz M, Blode H. Coadministration of estradiol/drospirenone and indomethacin does not cause hyperkalemia in healthy postmenopausal women: a randomized open-label crossover study. J Clin Pharmacol 2007; 47:774.

Mona Eng P, Seeger JD, Loughlin J, et al. Serum potassium monitoring for users of ethinyl estradiol/drospirenone taking medications predisposing to hyperkalemia: physician compliance and survey of knowledge and attitudes. Contraception 2007; 75:101.

Bachmann G, Sulak PJ, Sampson-Landers C, et al. Efficacy and safety of a low-dose 24-day combined oral contraceptive containing 20 micrograms ethinylestradiol and 3 mg drospirenone. Contraception 2004; 70:191.

Sullivan H, Furniss H, Spona J, Elstein M. Effect of 21-day and 24-day oral contraceptive regimens containing gestodene (60 microg) and ethinyl estradiol (15 microg) on ovarian activity. Fertil Steril 1999; 72:115.

Edelman A. Menstrual nirvana: amenorrhea through the use of continuous oral contraceptives. Curr Womens Health Rep 2002; 2:434.

Archer DF, Jensen JT, Johnson JV, et al. Evaluation of a continuous regimen of levonorgestrel/ethinyl estradiol: phase 3 study results. Contraception 2006; 74:439.

The Pink Sheet 2007; 69:8.

Miller L, Hughes JP. Continuous combination oral contraceptive pills to eliminate withdrawal bleeding: a randomized trial. Obstet Gynecol 2003; 101:653.

Edelman AB, Gallo MF, Jensen JT, et al. Continuous or extended cycle vs. cyclic use of combined oral contraceptives for contraception. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2005; :CD004695.

Anderson FD, Hait H. A multicenter, randomized study of an extended cycle oral contraceptive. Contraception 2003; 68:89. 81. Legro RS, Pauli JG, Kunselman AR, et al. Effects of continuous versus cyclical oral contraception: a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008; 93:420.